Ice core evidence for a 20th century decline in sea ice in the Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica

first_imgThis study uses ice core methanesulphonic acid (MSA) records from the Antarctic Peninsula, where temperatures have been warming faster than anywhere else in the Southern Hemisphere, to reconstruct the 20th century history of sea ice change in the adjacent Bellingshausen Sea. Using satellite-derived sea ice and meteorological data, we show that ice core MSA records from this region are a reliable proxy for regional sea ice change, with years of increased winter sea ice extent recorded by increased ice core MSA concentrations. Our reconstruction suggests that the satellite-observed sea ice decline in the Bellingshausen Sea during recent decades is part of a long-term regional trend that has occurred throughout the 20th century. The long-term perspective on sea ice in the Bellingshausen Sea is consistent with evidence of 20th century warming on the Antarctic Peninsula and may reflect a progressive deepening of the Amundsen Sea Low due to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations and, more recently, stratospheric ozone depletion. As a first-order estimate, our MSA-based reconstruction suggests that sea ice in the Bellingshausen Sea has retreated southward by ~0.7° during the 20th century. Comparison with other 20th century sea ice observations, reconstructions, and model simulations provides a coherent picture of Antarctic sea ice decline during the 20th century, although with regional-scale differences evident in the timing and magnitude of this sea ice decline. This longer-term perspective contrasts with the small overall increase in Antarctic sea ice that is observed in post-1979 satellite data.last_img read more

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State Police Collecting Old, Unused Medicines Saturday

first_imgState Police Collecting Old, Unused Medicines SaturdayOctober 22, 2018, Staff ReportTheStatehouseFile.comINDIANAPOLIS—Indiana State Police are partnering with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration on Saturday in another prescription drug take back the initiative.Collection sites will be set up across Indiana at state police locations as well as at sites across the nation for the public to dispose of expired, unused and unwanted prescription drugs. The program is aimed at preventing prescription drug abuse and theft and to get rid of the drugs safely.This program, free and anonymous, is for liquid and pill medications.  Needles, new or used, will not be accepted for disposal.Medicines that languish in home cabinets are highly susceptible to diversion, misuse, and abuse. Rates of prescription drug abuse in the U.S. are alarmingly high, as are the number of accidental poisonings and overdoses. The DEA reports that studies show a majority of abused prescription drugs are obtained from family and friends, including from the home medicine cabinet.Disposing of unused medicines by flushing them down the toilet or throwing them in the trash pose potential safety and health hazards. As in the past, the drugs may be dropped off at any state police post, except the post at the Indiana Toll Road. Collections times Saturday will be from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.Also, the state police will host a drop off site from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. Friday inside the Indiana Government Center North public entrance off of Robert Orr Plaza in Indianapolis.  This is between the government north and south buildings, immediately west of the State Capitol building.To locate the state police post closest to your home or business, click this link for Indiana State Police on the Map. To find other locations in Indiana or across the U.S. that are participating in the drug take-back initiative, click this link to the DEA.FOOTNOTE: TheStatehouseFile.com is a news website powered by Franklin College journalism students.Print Friendly, PDF & EmailFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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EPL: Bournemouth in Red Devils den

first_imgRelatedPosts Ighalo: My best moment as ‘Red Devil’ EPL: Crystal Palace stun sloppy Man U EPL: Red Devils attack Palace Man U vs. Bournemouth Venue: Old Trafford Kick off: 3PMRelegation-threatened Bournemouth make the long journey to Old Trafford today to face a Manchester United side on the brink of breaking into the Premier League’s top four. Bournemouth lie 19th in the table on 27 points – one adrift of safety – whereas United are two behind fourth-placed Chelsea, having amassed 52 points from 32 matches.Having gone into the coronavirus-enforced shutdown off the back of a stellar run of form, questions were naturally raised as to whether Man United would have been able to keep that momentum going after a three-month break.Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s men have answered those questions in perfect fashion and have now gone 15 games unbeaten in all competitions, and the Red Devils will be aiming to win their fourth game on the bounce when they play host to an out-of-sorts Bournemouth side this afternoon.United built on their FA Cup quarter-final success over Norwich City with a dominant 3-0 victory over Brighton & Hove Albion in midweek, with Bruno Fernandes bagging a brace after Mason Greenwood broke the deadlock on the South Coast.Furthermore, Solskjaer’s men look well on their way to making Old Trafford the fortress it once was in the days of Sir Alex Ferguson – United have gone five games without conceding on home soil and have notched up 13 goals in their last four home outings. With Chelsea and Leicester City both suffering defeats last time out, the United faithful will certainly feel that their side are capable of a top-four finish for only the third time in seven seasons, although their current fifth-placed standing may prove to be enough for a Champions League berth should Manchester City’s European ban be upheld.In contrast, Bournemouth have shown little signs of revival since the English top flight resumed, and the Cherries were condemned to their fourth defeat in a row as Newcastle United revelled in a 4-1 victory at the Vitality Stadium on Wednesday.Eddie Howe was without his top scorer Callum Wilson, but even if the Englishman had featured in this fixture it would have made little difference as Bournemouth’s defensive frailties were exposed once again.The Cherries are now winless in seven since their 2-1 victory over fellow strugglers Aston Villa at the start of February, and they have lost six of their last seven fixtures in the Premier League – the outlier being a 2-2 draw with Chelsea at the Vitality.In fact, Frank Lampard’s side were the last team that Bournemouth managed to triumph against away from home, with the Cherries currently on a seven-game losing streak on their travels, and Howe’s men have only amassed 13 points on the road all season. However, Bournemouth did manage to record a 1-0 victory over Solskjaer’s side when the sides locked horns in the reverse fixture, with former United protege Joshua King netting the only goal of the game back in November.Man U possible XI: De Gea, Wan-Bissaka, Lindelof, Maguire, Shaw, Pogba, Matic, Greenwood, Fernandes, Rashford, Martial. Bournemouth possible XI: Ramsdale, Stacey, Mepham, Ake, Smith, Brooks, L. Cook, Lerma, Gosling, Stanislas, King.Tags: AFC BournemouthManchester UnitedOld TraffordPremier Leaguelast_img read more

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Revealed: Goalkeeper Daniel Agyei placed on transfer

first_imgAfter narrowly escaping relegation, Free State Stars have decided to clear their  house by placing  excluded  Black Stars goalie  Daniel Agyei on transfer come next season.The South Africa side escaped relegation by the skin of the teeth and has decided to part ways with nine players and placing goalkeeper Daniel Agyei on the transfer list.The nine players are Tshepo Motsoeneng, Mongezi Bobe, Enva Wiltwer, Anver Esterhuizen, Mthokosizi Yende, Mbuyiselo Sambu, Jurie Basie and Salmaan King are no longer on the the club’s books. Sadate Ouro Akoriko has also left, but on his own terms having previously signed a pre-contract with AmaZulu, the exodus of these player  has been confirmed  by the club’s general manager Rantsi“Those players are not in the coaches’ plans for next season. We felt that it is fair to release them early so that they can go search for teams,” Mokoena said.“We will make sure that we replace those players with quality players. We saw what happened this season with the team and we don’t want to witness that again,” he added.Daniel Agyei joined the club this season and got injured in the last quarter of the PSL League. The 2009 Youth World Cup winner is confident of joining a bigger club next seasonlast_img read more

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