Early Cenozoic differentiation of polar marine faunas

first_imgThe widespread assumption that the origin of polar marine faunas is linked to the onset of major global cooling in the Late Eocene – Early Oligocene is being increasingly challenged. The Antarctic fossil record in particular is suggesting that some modern Southern Ocean taxa may have Early Eocene or even Paleocene origins, i.e. well within the Early Cenozoic greenhouse world. A global analysis of one of the largest marine clades at the present day, the Neogastropoda, indicates that not only is there a decrease in the number of species from the tropics to the poles but also a decrease in the evenness of their distribution. A small number of neogastropod families with predominantly generalist trophic strategies at both poles points to the key role of seasonality in structuring the highest latitude marine assemblages. A distinct latitudinal gradient in seasonality is temperature-invariant and would have operated through periods of global warmth such as the Early Cenozoic. To test this concept a second global analysis was undertaken of earliest Cenozoic (Paleocene) neogastropods and this does indeed show a certain degree of faunal differentiation at both poles. The Buccinidae, s.l. is especially well developed at this time, and this is a major generalist taxon at the present day. There is an element of asymmetry associated with this development of Paleocene polar faunas in that those in the south are more strongly differentiated than their northern counterparts; this can in turn be linked to the already substantial isolation of the southern high latitudes. The key role of seasonality in the formation of polar marine faunas has implications for contemporary ecosystem structure and stability.last_img read more

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Meet The Guy Who Proudly Wears Phish Shirts Throughout The New Series “Nightcap”

first_imgIf you’re an active member of the Phish community, you may have noticed a guy by the name of Jacob Wallach posting in groups about this new television series that he plays a main character in. This is because I told him to, looping him into the worlds of Phish Tour 2014 (sorry, Jay) and Phish Tour 2017 (sorry, Jacob). Every fan likes to know that there are more of us out there, especially when involved in a televised program. As this community is known for its supportive nature, it’s worth putting this new show on your radar. If for nothing else, we know it will make you laugh.Jacob plays Randy, the sound guy, on Pop’s new satirical workplace series Nightcap. Going into their fifth episode, we sat down with the actor to learn more about his character both on and off the screen. We also snagged an exclusive sneak-peak of what’s to come on tonight’s episode, which you can view with the interview below. But first, behold the shirt:Live For Live Music: You play Randy in Pop’s new satirical workplace series Nightcap. Tell us about your character.Jacob Wallach: He is a realist, a dreamer. He’s over-qualified for his position and he knows it. He spends his spare time delving into dark web conspiracy theories. Oh, and he’s a pervy ginger who really thrives at his job when it involves micing the female guests. Tonight, in episode 5, Randy (while proudly wearing his Rainbow Phish logo tee) and Marcus (from hair and makeup) pitch a brilliant business idea to Mark Cuban.Watch that scene exclusively below:L4LM: Can you tell us a little about Nightcap?JW: Nightcap is a workplace comedy (created by the incredibly funny Ali Wentworth) that gives the viewers a behind the scenes look at a fictitious late night talk show, “Nightcap with Jimmy.” Through her years of doing the talk show circuit, Ali realized the real show is taking place backstage, before the taping of the actual show and thus Nightcap was born. So on Nightcap, everything takes place backstage, you never meet the host and in each episode real celebrities play themselves, including Gwyneth Paltrow, Sarah Jessica Parker, Paul Rudd, Kelly Ripa, Debra Messing, Whoopi Goldberg, George Stephanopoulos, Denis Leary, Michael J. Fox, Andy Cohen, Mark Cuban, Mark Consuelos, Jim Gaffigan, Janeane Garofalo, Mariska Hargitay, Jim Norton, Beth Stern, Gigi Gorgeous, Rosie Perez and Joel Schumacher.L4LM: I notice you wear a few Phish t-shirts on the show, whose idea was that?JW: (Laughter) Well, as we all know, Phish is without a doubt the greatest band of all time and the Phish community is a tight knit group of obsessive fans who love nothing more than expressing our love for the band. I mean, we (Phish fans) have a hashtag #WeAreEverywhere for expressing our love in the public eye. From Fluffhead signs on ESPN, to Dan Greenhaus throwing Phish lyrics into financial analysis on CNBC, and of course, Harris Wittels on Parks and Rec. We’ve been at this for a while and as a fan, I’ve always wanted to incorporate Phish references into a TV show. So, when our costume designer emailed me to tell me that I’d be wearing band t-shirts and to ask for a list of my favorite bands, I responded with only one. The rest is history. Oh, and a special shoutout to Julia, Kevin, and Beth from Phish Inc, for allowing me to wear the iconic logo tees. Thank you! Oh yeah, and did I mention they’re the greatest band of all time?L4LM: When and how did you first start listening to Phish?JW: In 1998, when I was 12 and my oldest brother Jason came home from college with a gigantic stash of cassette tapes. He either left some behind or I stole one, I’m not sure, but I ended up with a cassette of 8/6/98 (Lakewood) and I put it in and my mind was blown, I couldn’t stop listening. I was instantly hooked. Interestingly enough, the first song I ever heard Phish play was “Runnin’ With the Devil.” Turns out that was a Van Halen song, so maybe I’m just a big Van Halen fan? So, I listened to that tape over and over, “borrowed” more tapes, and shared them with all my friends at school. Years later, the same brother took me to see my first show in Camden, 7/30/2003, (2.0 noob, brah) and now I’ve been going every chance I get. In fact, I’ll be at MSG in a few weeks and I think it’s the perfect time for the band to bring back my first favorite Phish song “Runnin’ With the Devil!” What do you say, fellas?L4LM: Why might phans relate to or enjoy Nightcap?JW: It’s really funny, it’s got celebrities doing crazy shit, it’s a workplace comedy filled  with idiots, and who can’t relate to idiots at work? It’s got conspiracy theories (what’s up Chemtrails?), it’s easy to watch, and it’s even better stoned (legally, under the guidance of a medical expert), and Phish isn’t touring, so really, what else are you doing on a Wednesday night? Fluffhead.More about Jacob’s character:“Nightcap” airs Wednesdays at 8:00 PM, ET/PT on Pop. To find your channel, visit poptv.com. And follow Jacob on his Instagram and Twitter: @jacobwallach.last_img read more

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Twitter and the birth of the 1619 Project

first_img A renewed focus on slavery How slavery still shadows health care Scholar hopes project will inspire similar efforts: ‘There were thousands of people like Jane Clark’ Related New York Times investigative journalist Nikole Hannah-Jones spearheaded the 1619 Project, a landmark initiative unveiled this summer that marked the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the first enslaved Africans in Britain’s mainland North American colonies.During a visit to Harvard this week, she made a surprising disclosure: While she had considering the project for years beforehand, its development was partly prompted by an exchange on Twitter.“I got into an argument where someone said, ‘Slavery was a long time ago. Why don’t you get over it?’” she said Wednesday evening in a discussion with Henry Louis Gates Jr., director of the Hutchins Center for African & African American Research at Harvard. The talk drew a capacity crowd to the Smith Campus Center. “I realized we couldn’t get over it because America hasn’t gotten over it, and nobody wants to get over it more than black folks.”This interaction, she said, led her to think about how slavery and its legacy have often been erased from the nation’s history. “Everyone in high school knows about the Mayflower, but nobody has been taught about the other ship, the White Lion,” she said, referring to the first English ship that brought enslaved Africans to the colonies in 1619. “I thought that an anniversary was approaching that most Americans would never hear of. Like most of black history, it would pass without most of us knowing.”Originally published as a special issue of The New York Times Magazine on Aug. 14, the 1619 Project was later expanded in the paper and its website, and Hannah-Jones said that she is now working on a book version. Her talk with Gates focused on the evolution of the initiative. As she recalled, the magazine’s editor in chief, Jake Silverstein, proved receptive when she proposed that an entire issue of the magazine be devoted to the issue of slavery.“I had been thinking about this and reading obsessively for 25 years about all the inequalities in American life that can be traced back to slavery. So I came in with an idea that they hadn’t heard before, and by then I had gathered enough trust that they knew I could deliver on what I promised.”The idea also got a lift because of the timing, she said. It might not have had the same impact had it come during the Obama administration. “It was The Times, the paper of record, making the argument that the system of racial slavery was at the bedrock of our founding. And it appeared at a moment in time when people were thinking, ‘How the hell did we get here?’”,Gates brought up the backlash that emerged from conservative commentators, particularly Newt Gingrich, who asked why she hadn’t given more credit to the whites who fought slavery in the Civil War. “That is a valid argument, and when I think about areas where I wish we had provided more nuance, I think that is one,” she said. But on the other hand, “We can only give so much credit for fighting an institution that you created. We’ve heard plenty of stories of white heroism, about Abraham Lincoln as the Great Emancipator. Meanwhile there are [black] people who never get credit in any of this.”The history of Boston and even Harvard also came in for some criticism. “[The narrative is] that the North was the true heart of America, and that allows us to have a sense of clean hands about our identity as Americans. But Boston was a slave market. And where did so much of this capital to build this institution and the Ivy League come from? It came because rich people were holding the collateral in enslaved bodies,” she said.In response to an audience question, both panelists turned to the pitfalls of social media. “Anyone who engages knows how well it is designed for hostile interaction,” Hannah-Jones said. “When you’re a black woman you are at the intersection of two hatreds in this country, race and gender.” Gates recalled his own moment of viral celebrity, after he was arrested in 2009 for breaking into his own home. “I learned the hard way that there are a lot of organized hate groups out there,” he said. “You’d have to be a super person to [merit] all the vitriol that you see on Twitter exchanges. It’s put on you to defend yourself from the racists and the lunatics.” John Lewis urges: Back ‘the beloved community’center_img Second life for slave narrative Event examines ‘400 Years of Inequality’ New University-wide initiative will deepen the exploration of Harvard’s historical ties to enslavement Civil Rights icon says more can be done to improve rights for alllast_img read more

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Transfer rumours and paper review – Wednesday, December 17

first_imgHere’s the top transfer-related stories in Wednesday’s newspapers…Liverpool are making an audacious bid to sign Chelsea goalkeeper Petr Cech on loan. (Daily Mirror)Manchester United are ready to battle it out with Manchester City for the signature of Barcelona midfielder Ivan Rakitic. The Croatia international linked up with the Catalan giants over the summer from Sevilla for around £14million, but has failed to make an impression under Luis Enrique. (Daily Express)Manchester United are bracing themselves for a lucrative bid for their coveted goalkeeper David de Gea. Real Madrid are ready to eclipse the £33million goalkeeping transfer record paid for Gianluigi Buffon in 2001 to land De Gea. (Daily Express)De Gea, however, has told his United teammates he has no interest in leaving Old Trafford. (The Sun)Real Sociedad boss David Moyes is plotting an audacious bid to sign Adnan Januzaj on loan from former club Manchester United after confirming he is set to be active in the January transfer window. (Daily Star)Crystal Palace are exploring an audacious move to bring Ashley Cole to Selhurst Park on loan next month. (Daily Mirror)Burnley and Leicester are eyeing unsettled £5million-rated Crystal Palace striker Dwight Gayle. (Daily Mirror)Sunderland are set to join neighbours Newcastle in the race to sign Burnley striker Danny Ings. (Daily Star)Tottenham are considering offloading striking duo Emmanuel Adebayor and Roberto Soldado to fund a move for Porto star Jackson Martinez. (Daily Express)Bolton and Sheffield Wednesday are among clubs showing interest in Bradford City’s Filipe Morais, who is available on a free transfer next month. (Daily Mail)And here’s the latest talkSPORT.com headlines…Exclusive – No January transfer window plans for Chelsea, reveals MourinhoExclusive – Arsenal Invincible refuses to separate Henry and Bergkamp – ‘It’s like choosing my favourite child!’Exclusive – ‘Henry’s only regret would be missing out on Champions League glory with Arsenal’Man United on alert as Fiorentina star prepares to force through January moveTottenham transfer news: Pochettino plots loan deal for PSG midfielderSerie A side enter race for Chelsea and Man City targetBayern Munich set to beat European clubs to teen starletWest Ham plot £8m striker raidWest Ham face fight to sign Valencia midfielderlast_img read more

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