Diamond Trust Bank of Kenya Limited (DTK.ke) HY2018 Interim Report

first_imgDiamond Trust Bank of Kenya Limited (DTK.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2018 interim results for the half year.For more information about Diamond Trust Bank of Kenya Limited (DTK.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Diamond Trust Bank of Kenya Limited (DTK.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Diamond Trust Bank of Kenya Limited (DTK.ke)  2018 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileDiamond Trust Bank of Kenya Limited is a financial services and insurance group providing products and services to clients in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Burundi. The company offers a diverse range of products for transactional banking as well as a full service offering for mortgages, asset financing and an insurance premium finance facility. Its treasury services include spot and forward foreign exchange transactions, cross currency swaps and deals, fixed income securities, corporate bonds, fixed income securities, structured treasury products and money market products. Its trade finance services include letters of credit, documentary and clean collections, negotiation of export bills, suppliers credit financing and bank guarantees. Formerly known as Diamond Trust of Kenya, the company changed its name to Diamond Trust Bank Kenya Limited in 1997. Its head office is based in Nairobi, Kenya. Diamond Trust Bank of Kenya Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

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5 top UK shares I’d buy now in a Stocks and Shares ISA and hold forever

first_img I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Peter Stephens | Saturday, 9th January, 2021 Image source: Getty Images. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Enter Your Email Address Investing in UK shares via a Stocks and Shares ISA is a logical means of capitalising on the stock market’s future growth prospects. ISAs offer tax advantages, since no tax is levied on any capital gains or dividends received through them. Similarly, they’ve no withdrawal penalties, and are cheap and simple to set up.With many UK stocks offering long-term growth potential, now could be an opportune moment to add them to an ISA. Here are five such companies that may have brighter futures than the stock market is anticipating.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…UK shares with uncertain near-term futuresSome UK shares face uncertain near-term futures that could make them attractive buys for long-term investors. For example, companies such as easyJet and Standard Chartered face challenging operating conditions caused by the economic impact of coronavirus. This is likely to have been behind their 45% and 27% respective share price declines in the past year.However, with easyJet having strengthened its financial position and Standard Chartered having exposure to economies with long-term growth potential, they may deliver stock price recoveries. Although further volatility could be ahead, many of their risks may already be factored into their low prices.Housebuilding opportunities in the FTSE 350Housebuilders such as Berkeley and Bellway could also offer improving performances relative to other UK shares in the coming years. They’ve experienced disruption from lockdown measures put in place at various times in the last year. They may also experience a dip in demand for new homes, since a weak UK economic outlook could limit improvements in consumer confidence.However, their solid balance sheets and low interest rates may offer support during an uncertain period for the housebuilding industry. The sector’s past performance shows it has always recovered from its various downturns in previous decades. Although the current crisis may be more extreme than other challenging periods, investors may be able to capitalise on sustained high demand for new homes as the economy recovers.Dividend opportunities in a period of low interest ratesInvesting in UK shares with high yields could also be a sound move right now. Dividend shares could become increasingly popular in the coming years as a result of low interest rates pushing income investors away from assets such as cash and bonds.United Utilities currently has a dividend yield of 4.7%. The company’s dividend growth rate could be at risk from regulatory issues. But its high yield relative to other FTSE 100 shares suggests that this may be factored in by investors.Since the company has a defensive business model, its share price may also gain ground in what is an uncertain period for the UK economy. This could increase demand for its shares and lead to an impressive total return. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Peter Stephens has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Standard Chartered. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors.center_img Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. 5 top UK shares I’d buy now in a Stocks and Shares ISA and hold forever See all posts by Peter Stephenslast_img read more

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New Community Festival celebrates church’s diversity

first_img Rector Belleville, IL Featured Events Rector Martinsville, VA Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Tags New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR July 11, 2012 at 1:32 pm Fabulous!! Associate Rector Columbus, GA The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Rhonda Muir says: By Araceli MaPosted Jul 10, 2012 Director of Music Morristown, NJ General Convention 2012 An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 [Episcopal News Service] Monument Circle in downtown Indianapolis on July 9 played host to the New Community Festival organized by the offices for ethnic ministries in the Episcopal Church. The festival to celebrate the diversity of the Episcopal Church included music, dance and food. The Rev. Zoila Manzanares-Cole of Christ Church Cathedral in Indianapolis was commissioned to provide the staff and organize the logistics for the party. Photos by Araceli Ma, a member of the ENS news team at General Convention.Red Leaf Singers from the Rosebud Sioux Reservation, South Dakota.The Rev.Angela Ifill, missioner for Black Ministries and the Rev. Anthony Guillén, missioner for Latino/Hispanic Ministries, offer a warm welcome to the party.A mariachi band provides the music as the Rev. Winfred Vergara, missioner for Asian-American Ministries, dances with the Rev. Yamily Bass-Choate from the Diocese of New York.Blandina Salvador, a Filipina from Jackson Heights, New York, dances with the Rev. Petero Sabune, Africa partnership officer for the Episcopal Church. Ethnic Ministries, In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Press Release Service Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Rector Knoxville, TN Submit a Job Listing Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA New Community Festival celebrates church’s diversity Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector Tampa, FL Rector Washington, DC Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector Pittsburgh, PA Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York center_img Curate Diocese of Nebraska Rector Albany, NY Submit a Press Release Submit an Event Listing Cathedral Dean Boise, ID TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Youth Minister Lorton, VA Comments (1) Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Featured Jobs & Calls Rector Hopkinsville, KY General Convention, Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Rector Collierville, TN Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Comments are closed. Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Bath, NC An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector Smithfield, NC Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Rector Shreveport, LA last_img read more

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Los Angeles cathedral(s): ‘One ministry in two places’

first_imgLos Angeles cathedral(s): ‘One ministry in two places’ Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Rector Martinsville, VA Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Press Release Service Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Rector Smithfield, NC Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Featured Events Rector Tampa, FL Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Rector Pittsburgh, PA An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Youth Minister Lorton, VA Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Director of Music Morristown, NJ Rector Albany, NY Tags Course Director Jerusalem, Israel The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector Shreveport, LA Rector Bath, NC TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Cathedral Deans Series 2014 center_img This article is the third in a four-part series on the ministry of cathedrals, featuring interviews with their deans. The first article, “Video: Inside St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, with Dean David Ison” is available here; the second, “Education always a part of Ashton Brooks’ vocation,” is available here. In 2013, ENS also published a series on cathedral deans, available here.The Cathedral Center of St. Paul is located in the Echo Park area, one of Los Angeles’ most populous neighborhoods. Photo: The Rev. Canon Cindy Voorhees[Episcopal News Service] The Mediterranean-style Cathedral Center of St. Paul complex overlooks Echo Park Lake in downtown Los Angeles, and is home to St. Athanasius Church, a retreat and conference center, diocesan administrative and ministry hubs, a food bank assisting 300 families weekly and “Seeds of Hope,” an initiative to feed the hungry by converting church properties into farm crops.Some five miles to the south, near the University of Southern California, the landmark Romanesque-style St. John’s Pro-Cathedral serves as a liturgical setting for large diocesan gatherings, a nucleus for interfaith ministry for the six-county Los Angeles diocese and a spiritual center in the midst of a growing downtown “renaissance.”Together, they form “one ministry in two places,” according to Los Angeles Bishop Jon Bruno, who serves as provost of the Cathedral Center. In 2008, he formally named St. John’s as the pro-cathedral, which means it is a parish church with some cathedral functions, such as hosting the January ordinations of 10 priests, which drew 800 people; the Cathedral Center’s St. Athanasius church seats about 200.“I wanted them [St. John’s] to be open to being the liturgical hub of the diocese, where we did ordinations … and to hold other large services” which couldn’t be accommodated at the Cathedral Center, Bruno said.The Very Rev. Mark Kowalewski calls St. John’s Pro-Cathedral a “house of prayer” for all people.Photo: Janet KawamotoThe Very Rev. Canon Mark Kowalewski, dean and rector, says he considers St. John’s “the bishop’s pulpit” and a liturgical and worship space for the diocese, as well as “a house of prayer for all people.”The two churches are “complementary, and the important thing for me, is they’re both inner city spaces, looking out on the world from where they are, doing exciting ministry,” Bruno said.Cathedral as community centerBruno’s Feb. 9, 2002 formal seating as sixth bishop of Los Angeles telegraphed his cathedral vision. He held the ceremony outdoors, across the street from the cathedral center complex, with a thousand Episcopalians, community officials and guests circling Echo Park Lake, holding hands.He’d spent the previous eight years there as dean and provost (a title he retains) engaging gang diversion, economic justice, HIV/AIDS, interfaith, homeless and other ministries in the community, which is a stone’s throw from both Dodger Stadium and Chinatown.Echo Park includes one of L.A.’s most populous working class and ethnically diverse neighborhoods, and some gang violence. It has also been, at times, home to the likes of actor Leonardo DiCaprio, musician Jackson Browne and film director John Huston. And the Cathedral Center has been home to community concerts, art exhibits, and spiritual direction led by diocesan writer-in-residence Malcolm Boyd.All of which has meant trying to “meet the needs of the community in intelligent ways,” said Bruno. The Episcopal Community Federal Credit Union, for example, was founded there in 1992 and has provided financial education and community development, seed money for local small businesses, low-risk loans and relief for those trapped in the vicious cycle of payday lending.The congregation of St. Athanasius, which celebrates its 150th anniversary this year, holds Spanish, Korean and English-language worship services and is overseen by the Rev. Frank Alton, priest-in-charge. Among the oldest houses of worship in Los Angeles, St. Athanasius held its first service Christmas Day, 1864; its first building was located near today’s city hall and predates the diocese by about 30 years.The first rector gained notoriety for his public eulogy for Abraham Lincoln, and the congregation helped establish Good Samaritan Hospital in 1886. The hospital made history a century later with the world’s first live birth from a frozen embryo and has been named one of “America’s Best Hospitals for Top Medical Care in 16 Specialties” by U.S. News and World Report.There is precedent for pro-cathedrals in the diocese.Bruno noted that L.A.’s first bishop, Joseph Horsfall Johnson, gave that designation in 1899 to St. Paul’s, renamed when some St. Athanasius members erected a church at a new location, now the site of the Biltmore Hotel. Later, a newly built St. Paul’s was dedicated as the first cathedral, but eventually earthquake damage forced demolition of that building.Another branch of the congregation in 1899 reclaimed the name St. Athanasius and in 1917, moved to the Echo Park location where the Cathedral Center of St. Paul is now located, uniting both congregations.Los Angeles-area Episcopalians will revisit that history and envision future ministry during the Dec. 5-6 annual convention meeting of the diocese, themed “Horizons and Heritage.”The 2008 dedication of St. John’s as pro-cathedral “has been a good balance and use of space,” Bruno said. “Neither site is totally overtaxed; it provides what the diocese needs and, God knows, this diocese needs more than one space to do ministry. It’s a model for future collaborative ministry.”St. John’s Pro-Cathedral is positioning itself to be part of “the new downtown” a renaissance of change happening in Los Angeles.Photo: Chris TumiltySt. John’s: Radical hospitality, a ‘house of prayer’ for allThe ministry of St. John’s as a pro-cathedral “challenges all of us to radical hospitality … which fits well with our spirituality of mission, seeking to proclaim Christ and God’s kingdom outside the doors of the church and welcome all who come to us,” Kowalewski said when the congregation was contemplating the 2008 change.Currently, the Guibord Center, a nonprofit ministry dedicated to furthering interfaith and ecumenical understanding and collaboration, is headquartered there.“Churches have to think about our spaces more creatively,” Kowalewski said recently. “How do we take buildings that for years were used only for Sundays and major liturgical celebrations and are beautiful and large and rework them in such a way to be multi-purpose environments, not just for worship but social gatherings and arts events and all of those sorts of things?“I don’t think the church is at a place anymore that we can allow these edifices to go unused to the extent they have historically,” he added. “It’s incumbent to rethink how to use our church buildings in more creative ways.”Listed on the national register of historic landmarks, St. John’s was first organized as a congregation in 1890. The original church was built the same year, a wood-shingled Gothic revival style building in an orange grove on the city’s edge, next door to the present location on West Adams Blvd.Then, St. John’s – modeled after the 11th century San Pietro church in Tuscania, about 75 miles northeast of Rome – was located in one of the city’s premiere neighborhoods, Kowalewski said.But over time, the population shifted, and the congregation became increasingly diverse, including predominantly African Americans, people from the African diaspora and the LGBT community, he said.Now, drawing increasingly from the university community and with yet another demographic shift underway, St. John’s is again contemplating creative ministry and use of building space while positioning itself as part of a new “downtown renaissance.”Included in that creative ministry is a leadership sharing with the Rev. Daniel Ade that, Kowalewski said, is in many ways like job sharing. They consider themselves co-deans – with vestry approval after a two-year trial period. They share responsibilities for oversight of St. John’s, pastoral and other ministries.In the context of community, it just makes sense, Ade said. “It’s part of the priest’s job anywhere to lift up gifts of other people,” he said. “Mark is an extraordinary teacher; it’s not my best skill so I rejoice in that. I think that’s great so let me take some things off your plate so you can be your best at that.”At the same time, sharing the ministry affords him the opportunity to reinvent a vision for his own ministry: “for a long time, I was point person for buildings and grounds. I just came back from sabbatical and said I’d like to do some other things, newcomer incorporation because you can burn out on something. I felt like I want to have a new vision, to do more pastoral care. It gives us freedom to move the pieces around here.”It is similar to co-rectorships in that “canonically speaking, there is the office of the rector and two people who share that ministry. We see ourselves that way. For example, if we were in a vestry meeting and there was a need to vote and the rector’s vote needed to be cast, we would have one vote, not two.” If they disagree, “we talk it out in the context of community,” he said.St. John’s is known as “liturgically funky in some ways, and in other ways, very conservative theologically“ and is preparing to replace church pews with stackable chairs, according to Ade.The liturgically “funky” part means: “The bishop has given us permission to borrow from the whole banquet of our liturgical tradition and from Jewish tradition, evangelical Protestantism, and from the Roman Catholic Church,” Ade said.Each week in Lent, for example, the congregation gathers at the baptismal font at the church entryway for intercessions and catechumens are blessed. All Souls celebrations have incorporated, from Latin American traditions, ‘Dia de los Muertos’ altars crowded with mementos acknowledging that loved ones “are in Christ’s care”, as well as the recitation of the Kaddish, the Jewish prayers for the dead.Recently, St. John’s hosted a two-week theatrical run of “the Elephant Man” and has named the Ensemble “N2K” — Juilliard-trained musicians Katherine Cash and the Rev. Norm Freeman — as artists-in-residence.And, when local officials dedicated a nearby rail transit station on a Sunday, “the entire congregation processed with incense and holy water, and blessed the station and trains as they came by.”Once again, the duality of pro-cathedral and community church is present as the congregation grapples with “opening up its identity” in the face of 21st century realities, Kowalewski said.“We think one of the things about the new downtown is that it also is very diverse population and that’s what’s exciting about St. John’s, too,” he said.“We try to intentionally create a community that is culturally diverse. We are trying to have a progressive social witness that the Episcopal Church is great at, on the one hand. But, also to present it in the way we present the Gospel of Jesus Christ — in a clear way and not an apologetic way – that gives people something to believe in as well, so that the social witness comes out of a clear proclamation of the Kingdom of God and the Gospel.”— The Rev. Pat McCaughan is a correspondent for the Episcopal News Service. Rector Collierville, TN Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Submit a Job Listing AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Submit a Press Release Featured Jobs & Calls Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Submit an Event Listing Rector Washington, DC Rector Belleville, IL Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York By Pat McCaughanPosted Mar 31, 2014 Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector Hopkinsville, KY Rector Knoxville, TN The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Curate Diocese of Nebraska Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Associate Rector Columbus, GAlast_img read more

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Amalia House / GRID Architects

first_img 2007 Amalia House / GRID Architects Amalia House / GRID ArchitectsSave this projectSaveAmalia House / GRID Architects Houses Text description provided by the architects. Amalia -named after the grandmother of her owners -is a holiday cabin to host family members spread all over austria. Save this picture!Recommended ProductsSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights – Atrium Longlight / RidgelightStonesCosentinoSilestone® Sunlit Days SurfacesDoorsJansenFire Doors – Janisol 2 EI30Located on top of a hill in Styria, overlooking the valley of Kirchbach Amalia offers space for up to six people, without having to spare any comfort. Save this picture!Organised in 2 levels, one of them split, she lets the landscape float in and gives view to her surrounding from everywhere within. Save this picture!To give tribute to the nature around her and maximize the interchange between inside and outside, the house is completely covered with artificial grass -with only the windows left out. Save this picture!Amalia is the first artificial grass camouflage building in Austria.Project gallerySee allShow lessDVF Studio Headquarters / WORKacSelected ProjectsOslo Central Station / Space GroupArticles Share Austria Projects Architects: GRID Architects Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” Year: center_img CopyHouses•Austria Area:  68 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/3877/amalia-house-grid-architects Clipboard Save this picture!+ 13 Share “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/3877/amalia-house-grid-architects Clipboard ArchDaily CopyAbout this officeGRID ArchitectsOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesWoodHousingAustriaPublished on July 14, 2008Cite: “Amalia House / GRID Architects” 14 Jul 2008. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodPanel Façade SystemSynthetics / AsphaltMitrexSolar RoofMetal PanelsAurubisPatinated Copper: Nordic Green/Blue/Turquoise/SpecialLinoleum / Vinyl / Epoxy / UrethaneTerrazzo & MarbleTerrazzo Flooring – Terroxy Resin SystemsMetal PanelsTrimoMetal Panel Finishes – ArtMePanels / Prefabricated AssembliesIsland Exterior FabricatorsMega-Panel Facade SystemsStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Iconic SeriesBricksFeldhaus KlinkerFacing Bricks – Waterstruck VascuWallcovering / CladdingLinvisibileLinvisibile Boiserie and Skirting Systems | OrizzonteMetal PanelsRHEINZINKPanel Systems – Horizontal PanelDoorsJansenFire Doors – Janisol 2 EI30 70 mmSlabs / Plates / SheetsMetadecorMetal Facade Blade – MD LamelMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?Amalia住宅 / GRID Architects是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

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Benefit concert

first_img Twitter Benefit concert Facebook Facebook By admin – June 23, 2018 Pinterest WhatsApp TicketsThe Education Foundation of Odessa has scheduled the 17th annual benefit concert featuring Smokey Robinson Aug. 21 at the Ector County Coliseum.Sponsorship tables may be reserved by calling the Education Foundation at 456-7059.Tickets are available through the coliseum box office, 366-3541, charge by phone 800-514-3849 or online. WhatsApp Twitter Pinterest Local News Previous articleParent/Child golf tournamentNext articleGOOD NEWS: Indian Lodge open for reservations after extensive renovations adminlast_img read more

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Just How Far Has the Economy Fallen in a Month?

first_img Brian Honea’s writing and editing career spans nearly two decades across many forms of media. He served as sports editor for two suburban newspaper chains in the DFW area and has freelanced for such publications as the Yahoo! Contributor Network, Dallas Home Improvement magazine, and the Dallas Morning News. He has written four non-fiction sports books, the latest of which, The Life of Coach Chuck Curtis, was published by the TCU Press in December 2014. A lifelong Texan, Brian received his master’s degree from Amberton University in Garland. The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Share Save Economy Federal Funds Target Rate Federal Reserve 2016-05-13 Brian Honea May 13, 2016 1,241 Views Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Home / Daily Dose / Just How Far Has the Economy Fallen in a Month? About Author: Brian Honea Related Articles  Print This Postcenter_img Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago If the May Wall Street Journal economist survey is any indication, the economy is a lot worse off than it was as recently as a month ago.In the last three surveys conducted by the Journal in which economists are asked when they think the Federal Reserve will next raise the federal funds target rate, the consensus answer has been June. In April’s survey, three-quarters of economists surveyed said they believe that a rate hike by the Fed will be announced at the next FOMC meeting on June 14 and 15.May’s survey told a different story, however. Less than a third (31 percent) out of the 70 economists surveyed said they believe the rate hike will take place in June; 21 percent said they believe it will take place in July. The same percentage of economists who believe that a June rate hike will take place (31 percent) said they think it will take place in September.What happened to the economy in the last month? A couple of setbacks—first, in late April, the Bureau of Economic Analysis announced GDP growth for the first quarter was a mere 0.5 percent (in their advance estimate). Then, last week, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that labor market gains fell short of expectations with just 160,000 jobs added during April.Following the April FOMC meeting, the Committee announced that it would “closely monitor inflation indicators and global economic and financial developments,” to determine when would be the appropriate time to raise the federal funds target rate from its current range of 0.25 percent to 0.5 percent. The minutes from the FOMC meeting will be released on Wednesday, May 18.Even before the economic turbulence experienced April, Fed Chair Janet Yellen suggested in late March that the Fed was in no hurry to raise rates further after the historic rate hike in December.“Reflecting global economic and financial developments since December, however, the pace of rate increases is now expected to be somewhat slower.”Fed Chair Janet Yellen“A key factor underlying such modest revisions is a judgment that monetary policy remains accommodative and will be adjusted at an appropriately gradual pace to achieve and maintain our dual objectives of maximum employment and 2 percent inflation,” Yellen said. “Reflecting global economic and financial developments since December, however, the pace of rate increases is now expected to be somewhat slower.”Yellen also noted at that time that “the housing market continues its gradual recovery, and fiscal policy at all levels of government is now modestly boosting economic activity after exerting a considerable drag in recent years.”Also, in mid-April, Fannie Mae announced it had downwardly revised its forecast and was now expecting only one rate hike by the Fed for the rest of 2016 instead of two.The Journal noted that it is rare for economists to be divided as to when the Fed would raise rates, with Capital Economics North American Chief Economist Paul Ashworth stating that a June rate hike by the Fed would require “stronger incoming data and no renewed market turmoil.” There will be one more employment situation released by the BLS before the next FOMC meeting.Minneapolis Fed President Neel Kashkari said in a speech earlier this week that financial markets’ focus is in the wrong place if they are concentrating on what the Fed does with the short-term interest rates.“Given all the attention market participants pay to every FOMC statement, one would think the Fed could control a lot,” Kashkari said. “But the truth is that central banks can’t influence many of the things that really matter to the long-term well-being of a society. We can’t influence trend productivity growth. We can’t influence competitiveness. We can’t influence educational performance.” in Daily Dose, Featured, Government, News Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Just How Far Has the Economy Fallen in a Month? Tagged with: Economy Federal Funds Target Rate Federal Reserve Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Previous: Fannie Mae’s Portfolio Gets a Little Less Delinquent Next: PEMCO Limited Appoints New President and CEO Subscribelast_img read more

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The Conundrum Of Concurring Judgements: More Questions Than Answers

first_imgColumnsThe Conundrum Of Concurring Judgements: More Questions Than Answers Sudhanva Bedekar & Swapnil Shanbhag17 Jun 2020 5:51 AMShare This – xIntroduction: Article 141 of the Constitution of India emphatically states that the law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on all Courts across India. It is settled law that the “ratio decidendi” literally translated as “reason for deciding” is to have binding effect. Given the tendency of the Judges to write lengthy judgements which consider all relevant and…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIntroduction: Article 141 of the Constitution of India emphatically states that the law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on all Courts across India. It is settled law that the “ratio decidendi” literally translated as “reason for deciding” is to have binding effect. Given the tendency of the Judges to write lengthy judgements which consider all relevant and irrelevant issues and given the fact that there are, on most occasions, concurring opinions, this task of culling out the “law declared by the Court” which would have “binding effect” is strenuous. The practice of writing concurring judgements has now become common place. However, these concurring judgements often give birth to difficult questions regarding their value as a binding precedent. Take the case of a concurring judge who reaches the same conclusion but using a different reasoning. What then is the binding value of his reasoning? If the majority does not comment upon a distinct reasoning adopted in some concurring judgement, then questions regarding the value of such a judgement as a binding precedent are raised. There are several scenarios which give rise to complications and thus raise questions which cannot be easily answered. Let us take the example of the judgement of the apex court in Indira Gandhi vs. Raj Narain, where all five judges on the bench have struck down the 39thAmendment, each giving different reasons justifying the ultimate conclusion that the said amendment violated the basic structure and would have to be struck down. Can we consider each reasoning to be the law declared by the Supreme Court under Article 141? This is but one example and is not sufficient to raise questions in the mind of a researcher. However, there are several other cases where concurring judgements have overruled previous judgements, given birth to new jurisprudential principles, adopted reasonings distinct from the majority, etc. Sometimes, Courts have found such concurring judgements to be binding whereas at the same time, on several occasions, the Courts have been reluctant to place reliance on such judgements by holding that they are not binding. It appears that there is no uniform principle adopted by the Courts in order to address these issues, thus giving rise to what we call, the conundrum of concurring judgements. Herein we shall try to highlight the different approaches adopted by the Courts in dealing with concurring judgements. Liberal reliance on concurring judgements: In the Navtej Singh Johar case, the Supreme Court struck down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code to the extent that it criminalises sexual intercourse ‘against the order of nature’ between consenting adults. The bench of 5 judges delivered 4 judgements. Misra, CJ wrote for himself and Khanwilkar, J. Justices Nariman, Chandrachud and Indu Malhotra delivered concurring judgements. The reasoning adopted by all is almost on similar lines, qua Articles 14 and 21. Chandrachud, J, in his concurring judgement has delved into the development of the jurisprudence of Article 15 and developed the ‘sex plus test’ in order to prevent ‘doctrinaire’ interpretation of Article 15. An impediment in his this interpretation was the judgement of Air India vs. Nergesh Meerza. Chandrachud, J, declared that Nergesh Meerza, to this extent was not correctly decided. However, interestingly, the other judges have not expressed any opinions on this issue. Chandrachud, J, has delivered his singular concurring judgement while sitting in a bench of 5 judges. Nergesh Meerza was a judgement of a three-judge bench. We thus encounter a question as to whether the concurring judgement of Chandrachud, J, can be considered as a binding precedent which has now overruled Nergesh Meerza? Interestingly, Chandrachud, J seems to have answered this question in the affirmative in the case of Indian Young Lawyers Association vs. State of Kerala. In this case as well, he has delivered a concurring judgement. He relies on his own lone view in Navtej, in order to establish that any discrimination on the basis of sexual stereotypes shall violate Article 15. In Padmanabha Ravi Varma vs. Deputy Tahsildar, Chittur, the Kerala High Court while adjudicating on the validity of the Kerala Land Tax Act, 1961 relied on Thathunni Moopil Nair vs. State of Kerala wherein the majority struck down the Travancore-Cochin Land Tax Act to be unconstitutional. Sarkar, J, dissenting, had however held that the State had legislative competence to legislate on this subject matter. The majority did not comment on this issue. The Kerala High Court however relied on the view of Sarkar, J, and held that as there was no contrary view expressed by the majority on the legislative competence aspect, the view taken by Sarkar, J had binding force. The Allahabad High Court in Prem Prakash Gupta vs. Union of India,relied on Mahajan, J’s (as his lordship then was) dissenting view in State of Seraikella v. Union of India, where the maintainability of suit filed against the Dominion of India and the Province of Bihar was being argued. Mahajan, J had held that the suit was maintainable, whereas the majority held otherwise. However, Mahajan, J, made an observation on an issue as to whether the suit was maintainable in the view of absence of a notice to the defendant u/s 80 of the Civil Procedure Code, and answered it in the negative. The majority chose to remain silent on this issue. The Allahabad High Court relied on this view by Mahajan, J and held that since the majority did not express any opinion on this issue and the minority comprising of Mahajan, J examined this issue, the view taken by Mahajan, J would have to be held to be binding law. A division Bench of the Bombay High Court in M.B. Thakar vs. SP Pande, after a close perusal of Art. 141 and 145(5) of our Constitution observed, “it is clear that the law declared may as well be in a dissenting judgment as in a majority judgment.” It further observed, “We hold that “the law declared” referred to in art. 141 is the law to be gathered from any judgment in a case decided by the Supreme Court, whether it is the judgment of a Judge forming the majority or of a Judge in a minority and dissenting.” In the case of State of A.P vs. Raghunadha Rao, the Andhra Pradesh High Court too held on similar lines. Relying on Ramaswamy, J’s concurring judgement in Delhi Transport Corporation, MN Rao, J made the following observations, “When multiple opinions are expressed by several judges in their separate but concurring judgments in a case, the judgment rendered by each of the judges is read by the other judges…” And therefore, “Non expression of views by the other learned judges who constituted majority in regard to the judgment under appeal in the Delhi Transport Corporation case must, therefore, be construed as an expression of opinion rendered by the majority with the legal, consequence that it being the law declared by the Supreme Court we are bound by it under Article 141 of the Constitution.” DD Basu, in his commentary on the Constitution of India, states that the correct approach to interpreting a judgement where the judges holding the majority give different opinions, is that when one of the judges expounds the law on a particular matter, but others do not expressly disagree, it must be taken that all the judges concurring in the majority decision agree to that exposition.This rationale may lead us to the conclusion that the judgement of a concurring judge would also be binding. Some contrary views: It is now imperative to also take note of judgements where the Courts have taken a view which appears to be contrary to the views expressed in the judgements noted above. In Raj Narain Singh vs. the Chairman, Patna Administration Committee, Vivian Bose, J examined the judgement of the Supreme Court in, In re Delhi Laws Act, 1912 wherein the Court had laid down the broad principles regarding validity of delegated legislations. All seven judges in this case had delivered separate judgements. Bose, J, perused all the seven viewpoints laid down in the case and took the minimum a particular judge had held and that other judges had added upon, and held that the minimum viewpoint shall become the ratio. He noted, “Because of the elaborate care with which every aspect of the problem was examined in that case, the decision has tended to become diffuse, but if one concentrates on the matters actually decided and forgets for a moment the reasons given, a plain pattern emerges leaving only a narrow margin of doubt for future dispute.” Nariman, J, in the case of Indian Young Lawyers Association vs. State of Kerala, popularly known as the Sabarimala case, takes note of N. Rajagopala Ayyangar, J’s, lone concurring view in Syedna Taher Saifuddin Saheb vs. State of Bombay that “social welfare and reform could not affect essential parts of religious practice.” Nariman, J, however states that because this view is taken by only judge, and because it did not arise for decision in the said case, it would not be binding and it will have to be tested for its validity in a future case. In CWT vs. Karan Singh, the validity of the Wealth Tax Act, 1957 was challenged. Interestingly enough, the attention of the court was brought to Union of India vs. H.S. Dhillon, wherein an amendment to the Wealth Tax Act was being scrutinized.Sikri, J, (speaking for himself and two others) had held that it was not necessary to determine under what entry the original Wealth Tax Act fell. Whereas Shelat, J, (for himself and two others) held that it fell under Entry 86, List I.Mitter, J, in his lone view concurred with Sikri, J, in the result. Now, Mitter, J, in his lone view held that the original Wealth Tax act was also under Entry 97, while Shelat, J held that the original act fell under Entry 86, List I. Strong reliance was placed on Mitter J’s lone view and it was contended that because Sikri, J, did not disagree with him on this point, it should be held that he agreed with this view. This argument was however, rejected by the court and it was held that because the issue as to under what entry the original Wealth Tax Act fell, did not arise for discussion in the case, the lone view of Mitter, J, cannot be held as ratio and is therefore not binding. Shayara Bano: A difficult question yet to be answered: In Shayara Bano vs. Union of India the Supreme Court struck down the practice of Triple Talaq (Talaq-i-biddat) by a 3:2 majority. Nariman, J, speaking for himself and Lalit, J, and Kurian Joseph, J, concurring, are the judges who constitute the majority. However, interestingly, Nariman, J and Kurian Joseph, J have adopted distinct reasonings to reach the same conclusion. In his concurring judgement, Kurian, J, has held that ‘what is bad in theology is bad in law as well’ and thus triple talaq(talaq-e-biddat) is ultra vires the Constitution. Nariman, J has struck down the said practice on the ground that it is arbitrary and thus violates Article 14. Thus, he agrees in the result with Kurian J, that Triple Talaq is ultra vires the Constitution, however, does not express his views on the reasoning adopted by Kurian, J. It is also necessary to notice that on a fundamental issue, Kurian, J and Nariman, J have infact differed. Kurian, J has held that Triple Talaq is not regulated by the Shariat Act whereas Nariman, J, holds that it is, infact so regulated. This being the case, a question arises as to whether we can consider the reasoning adopted by Kurian, J, to be “law” declared under Article 141 and therefore binding. Settling the conundrum: It is noticed that on several occasions the Supreme Court does not express itself through one single judgement, especially while dealing with issues holding great constitutional significance. In Petitions challenging vires of legislations, an attack is made on the legislation on several grounds starting from the legislative competence and including challenges on the anvil of several fundamental rights. A majority judgement may strike down such a statute on one of the several grounds while other concurring judgements may take recourse to other grounds not considered by the single majority judgement or the “main” judgement if we may say so. Sometimes the majority may not comment upon the legislative competence, whereas a single concurring judgement may strike down a law on that ground alone. Further, there are issues which dissenting judgements determine, but upon which majority judgements remain silent. All this leads to serious complications. Those dictums which shape the development of the Constitutional jurisprudence are seldom expressed in one single judgement. Resultantly, subsequent benches are often confronted with difficult questions as to the correct interpretations of these judgements. There are two possible solutions to these problems. The first solution being that the judiciary as an institution should discourage the practice of writing concurring judgements. Secondly, the Court should ordinarily consider only those issues which necessarily need to be decided in order to reach a conclusive determination. The judgement of Nariman, J, in Shayara Bano, is a torchbearer in this regard. Nariman, J struck down Talaq-i-biddat on the ground that it is arbitrary and then did not consider any other grounds on which it was challenged. He also noticed the controversy regarding the question whether “personal law” is covered by Article 13 of the Constitution, and the judgement of the Bombay High Court in Narasu Appa Mali’s case which has dealt with this issue. Though he had the chance to settle the controversy once and for all, he chose to not comment on it as the issue was not relevant for the purpose of deciding the case. Similarly, the concurring judgement of Bachawat, J, in the landmark case of Naresh Shridhar Mirajkar vs. State of Maharashtra is also noteworthy. While the majority judgement of Gajendragadkar CJ considered all issues that had arised, including maintainability, Bachawat, J, simply dismissed the Petition on the ground that it was not maintainable. He did not find it necessary to comment much on the merits. The Supreme Court in Director of Settlements, A.P. v. M.R. Apparao, while dealing with Article 141 of the Constitution held that “A judgment of the Court has to be read in the context of questions which arose for consideration in the case in which the judgment was delivered. An “obiter dictum” as distinguished from a ratio decidendi is an observation by the Court on a legal question suggested in a case before it but not arising in such manner as to require a decision. Such an obiter may not have a binding precedent as the observation was unnecessary for the decision pronounced. So far as constitutional matters are concerned, it is a practice of the Court not to make any pronouncement on points not directly raised for its decision”. If this distinction between Ratio decidendi and obiter dicta is to be considered, then debatably so, it may be argued that the views expressed by Chandrachud, J, in Navtej Singh’s case on the “sex plus” test of Article 15, are mere obiter. Making such an argument is also possible if the judgement of Vivian Bose J in Raj Narain Singh’s case and that of Nariman, J, in Indian Young Lawyers Association’s case is to be considered. Also noteworthy is the judgement of Khare CJ, (speaking for the majority) in Islamic Academy of Education. While interpreting the judgement of the 11 judge bench in T.M.A. Pai Foundation, he held that the ratio decidendi of the judgement is to be found out by reading the entire judgement and the same would have to be read in the context of what is set out in the judgment and not in isolation. “By reading a line here and there from the judgment, one cannot find out the entire ratio decidendi of the judgment”. However, it is not possible to settle this conundrum easily, since there are also other conflicting views on this issue, and which have also been noted above. In a given case, the Supreme Court may have the opportunity to settle these controversial questions of great significance in the jurisprudence on precedents. Change in approach is the way forward: It is desirable, that the practice of writing concurring judgements unless absolutely necessary should be avoided and also that the Court should restrict its judgement to the determination of only those issues which ought to be decided and not unnecessarily delve into issues which may have been avoided. This itself would ensure that the development of the jurisprudence is streamlined. This view is aptly stated by Gajendragadkar, J, in Naresh Mirajkar, “As this Court has frequently emphasised, in dealing with constitutional matters, it is necessary that the decision of the Court should be confined to the narrow points which a particular proceeding raises before it. Often enough, in dealing with the very narrow point raised by a writ petition, wider arguments are urged before the Court; but the Court should always be careful not to cover ground which is strictly not relevant for the purpose of deciding the petition before it. Obiter observations and discussion of problems not directly involved in any proceeding should be avoided by courts in dealing with all matters brought before them; but this requirement becomes almost compulsive when the Court is dealing with constitutional matters”. Therefore, it must be made a practice to avoid deliberations over unnecessary issues. Considering the pace at which the rights jurisprudence is being developed by the Supreme Court, it becomes all the more imperative to consider these problems and make an endeavour to avoid them.Views are personal only. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

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Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Monday September 14th

first_imgAudioHomepage BannerNewsPlayback Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Monday September 14th Facebook Twitter News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Pinterest Journey home will be easier – Paul Hegarty Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Monday September 14th:Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/14newsmon.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. DL Debate – 24/05/21 Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 Google+center_img Google+ Previous articleSelf-isolation period for people with Covid reduced to 10 daysNext articlePlanning permission for north south electricity Interconnector granted News Highland Facebook WhatsApp WhatsApp By News Highland – September 14, 2020 Pinterest Twitter RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Harps come back to win in Waterford last_img read more

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NOAA declares deaths of 70 gray whales on US west coast ‘unusual mortality event’

first_imgJustin Sullivan/Getty Images(SAN FRANCISCO) — The stranding of 70 gray whales along the United States’ west coast is considered to be an “unusual mortality event” by the the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries.Thirty-seven gray whales have washed up in California, including more than a dozen in the San Francisco Bay Area, experts said during a NOAA conference call on Friday afternoon. The whale species have also been beached in Oregon, Washington and Alaska.Five gray whales have also beached in Canada, according to Michael Milstein, public affairs officer for NOAA Fisheries’ west coast regional office.There are currently an estimated 27,000 gray whales that migrate in the eastern northern Pacific region, incliuding 1,600 calves, according to the NOAA, which cited a 2016 survey. This population estimate is considered to be “abundant” and “on par” with the estimates from 1987 to 1988, when there were 26,900, said Dave Weller, research wildlife biologist for the Southwest Fisheries Science Center in La Jolla, California.The gray whales had a poor feeding season during summer and fall 2018Researchers are trying to figure out whether the elevated die-offs are occurring due to environmental factors, disease or human activities, such as ship strikes, said Deborah Fauquier, veterinary medical officer for NOAA Fisheries. Once they narrow it down, scientists will then determine a response plan.Lately, the whale population has been “subpar and less energetic,” perhaps due to a poor feeding season in the arctic in the summer and fall of 2018, Weller said.Sue Moore, a biological oceanographer with NOAA Fisheries, said scientists have seen warming conditions in the arctic.“The arctic is changing very, very quickly,” Moore said. “Whales are going to have to be able to adjust to that.”While gray whales are “good at eating a variety of things,” their main diet consists of anthropods located in the ocean’s sediment, Moore said. Scientists are currently researching whether the sea ice, which is currently melting away in the arctic, serves as fertilizer for the anthropod sediment beds.Without the anthropods, the gray whales will have to switch to krill or other sources of food, but they may not get the lipid-rich feed they need to survive, Moore said.After the whales feed in the arctic, they typically move south to Mexico before making their way back north to the United States’ west coast, according to the experts. During this time in the migration pattern, scientists would expect the whales to be “under peak nutritional stress,” but the emaciated and malnourished state of many of the beached gray whales have made them concerned, Weller said.The number of stranded whales could be just a fraction of the actual death tollMost whales, especially emaciated whales, tend to sink when they’re dead, said John Calambokidis, a research biologist for Cascadia Research Collective. The 70 stranded whales so far likely represent just 10% of the actual death toll, Calambokidis said.In addition, cases of beached whales in remote areas like Alaska are much harder to find and quantify, Calambokidis said.Scientists expect more whales to wash up dead, too. It’s still early in the season for places like Washington, Canada and Alaska, so the numbers are just partial totals so far and the “event is still very much ongoing,” Calambokidis said.The population is capable of reboundingThe number of beach whales announced on Friday is the most since the last unusual mortality event (UME) was declared during the 1999 to 2000 season, experts said.During that season, a large El Nino event could have contributed to the warming waters and less food for the whales, Moore said. However, those whales were not emaciated and were in good body condition overall, she added.At the time, researchers were unable to determine if the deaths were caused by a mix of contributors or if it was one dominant factor, Moore said.But based on the findings from the last UME, researchers are confident that the population can recover as long as the parameters are the same, such as the environment and the availability of food, Keller said.Researchers are closely monitoring calf production and the population level, Keller said.How the public can helpExperts encourage the public to report any sick, stranded or dead whales they may come across.However, Fauquier urged people not to approach the whales, because they can harm both themselves and the animal.In addition, it is illegal to approach them, Fauquier said.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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